Florida property taxes are paid annually in arrears. So come January 2014 homeowners should be paying (or already paid as they are due in November) their 2013 property taxes.
But home owners should not wait to pay.
There are discounts for early payment - 4% if paid within first 30 days after original mailing date, 3% in December, 2% in January and 1% in February. After February, there is no discount.
Taxes become delinquent on April 1st.
If you have a mortgage on your home then you are likely paying your taxes with your payment each month. And your mortgage servicer is required to pay the taxes in November for the maximum available discount. This is something you can easily verify!
If your home has no mortgage you should go ahead and pay early so as to not forget. Also, if you have multiple properties you should receive a separate tax bill for each account.
If you have property in Brevard County, Florida here are links to both the Property Appraiser and Tax Collector websites.